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Learn Macedonian language

Introduction to Macedonian language

The Macedonian language has 31 letters: 5 vowels (a, e, i, o, u) and 26 consonants.

In Macedonian phonetic, every letter is pronounced exactly in the way that it is written (it does not change depending on the neighbouring letters).

Cyrillic

Бб

Вв

Гг

Дд

Ѓѓ

Ее

Жж

Зз

Ѕѕ

Ии

Јј

Latin

Aa

Bb

Vv

Gg

Dd

GJgj

Ee

ZHzh

Zz

DZdz

Ii

Jj

IPA

/a/

/b/

/v/

/g/

/d/

/Ɉ/

/ε/

/ʒ/

/z/

/ʣ/

/i/

/j/

Cyrillic

Кк

Лл

Љљ

Мм

Нн

Њњ

Оо

Пп

Рр

Сс

Тт

Ќќ

Latin

Kk

Ll

LJlj

Mm

Nn

NJnj

Oo

Pp

Rr

Ss

Tt

KJkj

IPA

/k/

/l/

/lj/

/m/

/n/

/ɲ/

/ͻ/

/p/

/r/

/s/

/t/

/c/

Cyrillic

Уу

Фф

Хх

Цц

Чч

Џџ

Шш

Latin

Uu

Ff

Hh

Cc

CHch

DŽdž

SHsh

IPA

/u/

/f/

/x/

/ʦ/

/ʧ/

/ʤ/

/ʃ/

The Macedonian Alphabet

Substitues (the following have the same meaning)

  • Ž/ž - ZH/zh
  • Č/č - Ch/ch
  • Š/š - SH/sh

Macedonian orthography is consistent and phonemic in practice, an approximation of the principle of one grapheme per phoneme. A principle represented by Adelung's saying:

"Write as you speak and read as it is written".

Though as with most, if not all living languages, it has its share of inconsistencies and exceptions.

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